Q. Arrange the following events in chronological order:
1.Opening of Suez Canal
2.Indian Forest Act
3.Criminal Tribes Act
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 u2013 2 - 3

[B] 2 u2013 1 - 3

[C] 3 u2013 1 - 2

[D] 3 u2013 2 - 1

Answer: B

Explanation: With the opening of Suez Canal in 1869, the journey between Europe and India was reduced by some 4000 miles. The myth that India’s forests were inexhaustible was exploded.

  • It was in this background that the colonial state, in order to manage and control forest resources, started the Forest Department and passed the Indian Forest Act, 1865.
  • This was a draconian act which restricted the use of forest resources by indigenous groups who resented it.
  • In order to contain protest and resistance the British enacted the dreaded Criminal Tribes Act, 1871.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT