Q. Arrange the following events in Chronological order:
1. Battle of Ambur
2. Battle of Plassey
3. Battle of Bidara
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 2 3

[B] 2 3 1

[C] 3 2 1

[D] 2 1 3

Answer: A
Notes:

In the Second Carnatic War, The combined armies of Muzaffar Jang, Chanda Sahib and the French defeated and killed Anwarud- din at the Battle of Ambur (near Vellore) in 1749.

· Muzaffar Jang became the subahdar of Deccan, and Dupleix was appointed governor of all the Mughal territories to the south of the River Krishna.

· A French army under Bussy was stationed at Hyderabad to secure French interests there. Territories near Pondicherry and also some areas on the Orissa coast (including Masulipatnam) were ceded to the French.

· The Third Carnatic War proved decisive. Although the Treaty of Peace of Paris (1763) restored to the French their factories in India, the French political influence disappeared after the war.

· Thereafter, the French, like their Portuguese and Dutch counterparts in India, confined themselves to their small enclaves and to commerce.

· The English became the supreme European power in the Indian subcontinent, since the Dutch had already been defeated in the Battle of Bidara in 1759.

· The Battle of Plassey, in 1757, is usually regarded by historians as the decisive event that brought about ultimate British rule over India.

· However, one cannot quite ignore the view that the true turning point for control of the subcontinent was the victory of British forces over the French forces at Wandiwash in 1760.

· The victory at Wandiwash left the English East India Company with no European rival in India.

Source: Spectrum’s A Brief History of Modern India.