Q. Arrange the following reforms of Civil Services in India in chronological order:
1. Setting up of Fort William College
2. setting up of Hailey bury College
3. Indian civil services act
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 2 3

[B] 1 3 2

[C] 2 1 3

[D] 2 3 1

Answer: A

The civil service system introduced in India by the East India Company for the benefit of its commercial affairs got transformed into a well structured machinery to look after the administrative affairs of the acquired territories in India. 

  • In fact, in the beginning, the term ‘civil service’ was used to distinguish the servants of the Company engaged in commercial affairs from those people employed in the military and naval services.  
  • Gradually, the civil servants were bestowed with other responsibilities and authority. 
  • In 1800, Wellesley (governor-general, 1798-1805) set up the Fort William College for training of new recruits.  
  • In 1806 Wellesley’s college was disapproved by the Court of Directors and instead the East India College was set up at Hailey bury in England to impart two years’ training to the recruits. 

Indian Civil Service Act, 1861: This Act reserved certain offices for convenanted civil servants but the examination was held in England in English language, based on classical learning of Greek and Latin.  

  • The maximum permissible age was gradually reduced from 23 (in 1859) to 22 (in 1860) to 21 (in 1866) and to 19 (1878). 
  • In 1863, Satyendra Nath Tagore became the first Indian to qualify for the Indian Civil Service. 

Source: Spectrum’s A Brief History of Modern India.