Q. Bacterial leaf blight (BLB) and Blast (leaf and collar) diseases, which are seen in the news recently, affect which of the following?

[A] Rubber plantations in Kerala

[B] Sugarcane plantations in North India

[C] .Tea plantations in North East India

[D] .Basmati rice varieties in India

Answer: D

Basmati Rice is a long-grained, aromatic rice that has been cultivated in Indo-Gangetic plains at the foothills of the Himalayas.

In modern India, this region is spread over Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and Jammu and Kashmir.

Around 75% of the export of Basmati Rice is to West Asian countries.

As the area of cultivation increased, these basmati rice varieties have become susceptible to two major diseases — bacterial leaf blight (BLB) and blast (leaf and collar) diseases caused by the fungus Magnaporthe oryzae.

Source: Five new varieties to expand India’s Basmati platter