Q. Battles of Tarain were fought between which of the following kings?

[A] Prithviraj Chauhan vs. Allauddin Khilji

[B] Prithviraj Chauhan vs. Muhammad Ghori

[C] Jai Chandra vs. Babur

[D] Jai Chandra vs. Mahmud Ghazni

Answer: B
Notes:

Ghori attacked the fortress of Tabarhinda (Bhatinda), a strategic point for the Chauhans of Ajmer.  

  • The ruler of Ajmer Prithviraj Chauhan marched to Tabarhinda and faced the invader in the First Battle of Tarain (1191).  
  • Prithviraj scored a brilliant victory in this battle but failed to consolidate his position believing this battle to be a frontier fight, and did not expect the Ghurids to make regular attacks.  
  • Ghori was wounded and carried away by a horseman to safety. Contrary to the expectations of Prithviraj Chauhan, Muhammad Ghori marched into India in the following year (1192).  
  • Prithviraj underestimated the potential danger of the enemy. In the Second Battle of Tarain, one of the turning points in Indian history, Prithviraj suffered a crushing defeat and was eventually captured. Ghori restored him to his throne in Ajmer.  
  • But on charges of treason he was later executed, and Ghori’s trusted general Qutb-ud-din Aibak was appointed as his deputy in India. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.