Q. Bollgard I and Bollgard II technologies are mentioned in the context of
Why this Question) The Centre considered writing off trait value charged from farmers for Bollgard-II variety of Bt cotton to ensure the seeds are available to farmers at affordable prices. (March 2020).
Exp) Option b is correct.
Bollgard1 and Bollgard 2 help in developing genetically modified crop plants. Bollgard cotton provides in-built protection for cotton against destructive Bollworm infestations, and contains an insecticidal protein from a naturally occurring soil microorganism, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt).
Bollgard Bt cotton (single-gene technology) is India’s first biotech crop technology approved for commercialization in India in 2002.
Bollgard II technology contains a superior double-gene technology – Cry1Ac and Cry 2Ab which provides protection against bollworms and Spodoptera caterpillar.