Q. Buddhism and Jainism were emphasized on which of the following?
1.Performance of rituals
2.Non – violence
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C

Explanation: Sixth century BCE was a period of great religious upheaval. Great teachers like Confucius in China, Zoroaster in Iran, and Parmenides in Greece questioned the established socio-religious norms and focused more on ethical and moral values. In India, the scenario was no different.

  • India witnessed the growth of two great alternative religions: Buddhism and Jainism.
  • These religions emphasized that true happiness does not lie in material prosperity or performance of rituals, but in non-violence, charity, frugality, and good social conduct.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT