Q. “Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR)” is often seen in news is first reported in?

[A] Earth Summit

[B] Stockholm conference

[C] Kyoto protocol

[D] Montreal protocol

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation: The concept of Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR) was enshrined as Principle 7 of the Rio Declaration at the first Rio Earth Summit in 1992.

  • The declaration states: “In view of the different contributions to global environmental degradation, States have common but differentiated responsibilities.
  • The developed countries acknowledge the responsibility that they bear in the international pursuit of sustainable development in view of the pressures their societies place on the global environment and of the technologies and financial resources they command.”
  • Similar language exists in the Framework Convention on Climate Change; parties should act to protect the climate system “on the basis of equality and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.”

Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment