Q. Consider the following:
1. Complex rituals of later vedic period
2. High philosophical nature of Upanishads
3. Sacrificial ceremonies were expensive
Which of the above mentioned is/are causes of rise of Jainism and Buddhism in India?
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

Explanation: Causes for the Rise of Jainism and Buddhism:

  • The primary cause for the rise of Jainism and Buddhism was the religious unrest in India in the 6th century B.C.
  • The complex rituals and sacrifices advocated in the Later Vedic period were not acceptable to the common people.
  • The sacrificial ceremonies were also found to be too expensive.
  • The superstitious beliefs and mantras confused the people. The teachings of Upanishads, an alternative to the system of sacrifices, were highly philosophical in nature and therefore not easily understood by all.
  • Therefore, what was needed in the larger interests of the people was a simple, short and intelligible way to salvation for all people. Such religious teaching should also be in a language known to them. This need was fulfilled by the teachings of Buddha and Mahavira.
  • Other than the religious factor, social and economic factors also contributed to the rise of these two religions.

Source: Tamil Nadu state Board Class 11