Q. Consider the following pairs:
Empire Emblem/symbol
1. Cholas– Lion
2. Cheras– Bow and Arrow
3. Guptas– Garuda
Which of the above given pair is/are NOT correctly matched?

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 3 only

[D] 2 and 3 only

Answer: A

The Cholas controlled the central and northern parts of Tamil Nadu. Their core area of rule was the Kaveri delta, later known as Cholamandalam.  

  • Their capital was Uraiyur (near Thiruchirapalli town) and Puhar or Kaviripattinam was an alternative royal residence and chief port town.  
  • Tiger was their emblem. Kaviripattinam attracted merchants from various regions of the Indian Ocean. 
  • The Cheras controlled the central and northern parts of Kerala and the Kongu region of Tamil Nadu.  
  • Vanji was their capital and the ports of the west coast, Musiri and Tondi, were under their control.  
  • Vanji is identified with Karur, while some scholars identify it with Tiruvanchaikkalam in Kerala.  
  • There are many other Chera coins with their bow and arrow emblem but without any writing on them. 
  • The Pandyas ruled from Madurai. Korkai was their main port, located near the confluence of Thampraparani with the Bay of Bengal.  
  • It was famous for pearl fishery and chank diving. Korkai is referred to in the Periplus as Kolkoi. Fish was the emblem of the Pandyas.  
  • Their coins have elephant on one side and a stylised image of fish on the other. They invaded Southern Kerala and controlled the port of Nelkynda, near Kottayam. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.