Q. Consider the following pairs of kings and titles:
King Title
1. Chandragupta I – maharaja-adhiraja
2. Samudragupta– Napoleon of India
3. Chandragupta II – Maharaja Adhiraja
Which of the above given pair is/are NOT correctly matched?

[A] 2 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 3 only

[D] 2 and 3 only

Answer: C

The first ruler of the Gupta Empire was Sri Gupta (240–280 CE) who was succeeded by his son Ghatotkacha (280–319 CE). Both Sri Gupta and Ghatotkacha are mentioned as Maharajas in inscriptions.  

  • Chandragupta I, the son of Ghatotkacha, ruled from 319 to 335 CE and is considered to be the first great king of the Gupta Empire.  
  • Chandragupta held the title of maharaja-adhiraja (great king over other kings). Historians call Samudragupta as the Napoleon of India.  
  • This statement is undeniable that the southern kings paid tribute, while the northern kingdoms were annexed to the Gupta Empire under Samudragupta.  
  • His direct control was confined to the Ganges valley, since the Sakas remained unconquered in western India.  
  • The tribes of Rajasthan paid tribute, but the Punjab was outside the limits of his authority.  
  • Samudragupta’s campaign broke the power of the tribal republics in those regions that led to repeated invasions from the Huns. 
  • Named after his grandfather, Chandragupta II was a capable ruler, who ruled for 40 years from c. 375 to 415 CE.  
  • He came to power after a succession struggle with his brother Rama Gupta. He is also known as Vikramaditya. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.