Q. Consider the following pairs of post of Pallava Administration:
TermMeaning
1. Adhikarna Mandapa – Council of Ministers
2. Rahasyadhikrita– Spy
3. Manikkappandaram Kappan – Officer-in-charge of the treasury
Which of the above given pair is/are correctly matched?

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 3 only

Answer: D
Notes:

Distinctions are made between amatyas and mantrins. While a mantri is generally understood to be a diplomat, amatya is a counsellor.  

  • Mantri Mandala was a council of ministers. Rahasyadhikrita was a private secretary of the king.  
  • Manikkappandaram-Kappan was an officer in charge of the treasury (Manikka – valuables; Pandaram – treasury; Kappan – keeper).  
  • Kodukkappillai was the officer of gifts. They were central officers under the Pallava king.  
  • Kosa-adhyaksa was the supervisor of the Manikkappandaram-kappan.  
  • Judicial courts were called Adhikarna Mandapa and judges called Dharmadhikarins.  
  • Fines are mentioned in the Kasakudi plates of Nandivarman Pallava as Karanadandam (fine in superior/ higher court) and Adhikaranadandam (fine in district level). 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.