Q. Consider the following pairs of practices of Islam:
1. Zakat – Giving alms
2. Shahada– One God
3. Hajj– Pilgrimage to Mecca
Which of the above given pair is/are correctly matched?
The developments that followed the coming of Islam were not confined to ruling elites; in fact they permeated far and wide, through the subcontinent, amongst different social strata – peasants, artisans, warriors, merchants, to name a few. All those who adopted Islam accepted, in principle, the five “pillars” of the faith:
- that there is one God, Allah, and
- Prophet Muhammad is his messenger (shahada);
- offering prayers five times a day (namaz/salat );
- giving alms (zakat); fasting during the month of Ramzan (sawm); and
- Performing the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj).
Source: NCERT- Themes in Indian History.