Q. Consider the following pairs:
1. MuqtisHolder of Iqta’s
2. KhalisaTemple land grants
3. Hashm-i-qalbCommunity lands
Which of the above given pair is/are correctly NOT matched?
The Delhi Sultanate deserves to be considered an all-India empire.
- Virtually all of India, except Kashmir and Kerala at the far ends of the subcontinent, and a few small tracts in between them had come under the direct rule of Delhi towards the close of Muhammad bin Tughlaq’s rule.
- There were no well-defined and accepted rules of royal succession and therefore contested succession became the norm during the Sultanate.
- The Sultans required the holders of iqta’s (called muqtis or walis) to maintain troops for royal service out of the taxes collected by them.
- Certain areas were retained by the Sultans under their direct control (khalisa).
- It was out of the revenue collected from such areas that they paid the officers and soldiers of the sultan’s own troops (hashm-i qalb).
Source: Tamil Nadu state board.