Q. Consider the following statement:
1. The top-grade officer of the army during Vijaynagar was known as Poligars.
2. Soldiers were paid in kind.
Which of the statement given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation:

  • The Vijayanagar army was well-organized and efficient.
  • It consisted of the cavalry, infantry, artillery and elephants. High-breed horses were procured from foreign traders.
  • The top-grade officers of the army were known as Nayaks or Poligars. They were granted land in lieu of their services. These lands were called amaram.
  • Soldiers were usually paid in cash.

Source: Tamil Nadu Board Class 11