Q. Consider the following statement with respect to the Cauvery River:
1.Red soils occupy large areas in the river basin.
2.It rises from a place located in the Western Ghats in Nashik district in the state of Maharashtra.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A

Cauvery River (Kaveri River)

The Kaveri (Cauvery) is designated as the Dakshina Ganga’ or the Ganga of the South’.

The Cauvery River rises at an elevation of 1,341 m at Talakaveri on the Brahmagiri range near Cherangala village of Kodagu (Coorg) district of Karnataka.

The Cauvery basin extends over states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Union Territory of Puducherry draining an area of 81 thousand Sq.km.

It is bounded by the Western Ghats on the west, by the Eastern Ghats on the east and the south and by the ridges separating it from Krishna basin and Pennar basin on the north.

The delta area is the most fertile tract in the basin. The principal soil types found in the basin are black soils, red soils, laterites, alluvial soils, forest soils and mixed soils. Red soils occupy large areas in the basin. Alluvial soils are found in the delta areas.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/as-unprecedented-flow-continues-in-cauvery-focus-turns-to-how-much-more-tamil-nadu-will-get/article65870537.ece