Q. Consider the following statements:
1.5th June is celebrated as world environment day.
2.Wildlife act 1972 was the first legislation to deal with environment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Explanation: India is the first country in the world to have made provisions for the protection and conservation of environment in its constitution.

  • On 5th June 1972, environment was first discussed as an item of international agenda in the U.N. Conference of Human Environment in Stockholm and thereafter 5th June is celebrated all over the world as World Environment Day.
  • Soon after the Stockholm Conference our country took substantive legislative steps for environmental protection.
  • The Wildlife (Protection) Act was passed in 1972, followed by the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974, the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 and subsequently the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment