Q. Consider the following statements:
1.97 per cent of coal reserves occur in the valleys of Damodar, Sone, Mahanadi and Godavari.
2.Petroleum reserves are located in the sedimentary basins of Assam, Gujarat and Mumbai High.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: Most of the metallic minerals in India occur in the peninsular plateau region in the old crystalline rocks.

  • Over 97 per cent of coal reserves occur in the valleys of Damodar, Sone, Mahanadi and Godavari.
  • Petroleum reserves are located in the sedimentary basins of Assam, Gujarat and Mumbai High i.e. off-shore region in the Arabian Sea.
  • New reserves have been located in the Krishna-Godavari and Kaveri basins.
  • Most of the major mineral resources occur to the east of a line linking Mangaluru and Kanpur.

Source: NCERT – India & People Economy