Q. Consider the following statements:
1.Article 368 empowers the Parliament to amend and alter the basic structure of the Constitution.
2.The Doctrine of Basic Structure is a form of judicial review.
3.The concept of basic structure was first time recognized by the Supreme Court in Minerva Mills case..
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 only

[D] 2 and 3 only

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation –

Statement 1 and 3 is incorrect. Article 368 lays down the procedure through which Parliament can amend the Constitution except the basic structure part. The concept of basic structure was first time recognized by the Supreme Court in Kesavanada Bharti case.

Statement 2 is correct. The Doctrine of Basic Structure is a form of judicial review that is used to test the legality of any legislation by the courts.

Source: ForumIAS