Q. Consider the following statements:
1.Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) is a subordinate office of the Ministry of Water Resources.
2.Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) was constituted under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Explanation: Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), a subordinate office of the Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India, is the National Apex Agency entrusted with the responsibilities of providing scientific inputs for management, exploration, monitoring, assessment, augmentation and regulation of ground water resources of the country.

  • Central Ground Water Board was established in 1970 by renaming the Exploratory Tube wells Organization under the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
  • It was merged with the Ground Water Wing of the Geological Survey of India during 1972.
  • Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) was constituted under sub-section (3) of Section 3 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 for the purposes of regulation and control of ground water development and management in the country.
  • The Authority is engaged in various activities related to regulation of ground water development to ensure its long-term sustainability.

Source: http://cgwb.gov.in/aboutcgwb.html