Q. Consider the following statements:
1.Dolphins are listed in schedule I of wildlife protection act, 1972.
2.The Ministry of Environment and Forests notified the Ganges River Dolphin as the National Aquatic Animal.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: Dolphins are animals of aquatic ecosystems. They are found in the sea, brackish water and fresh water.

  • A total of 15 species of marine and harbour dolphins have been reported from Indian waters and coasts. Besides, the Irrawady Dolphins are found in brackish waters of Odisha.
  • Amongst the fresh water dolphins, the Gangetic Dolphin is found in the Ganges River and its tributaries. Apart from this, Indus River Dolphins have also been reported in Indus River in Punjab.
  • All fresh water, brackish water and marine Dolphins (Cetaceans) are listed in Schedule-I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, thereby according them the highest degree of protection against hunting.
  • Gangetic Dolphin is one of the 17 species identified for taking up ‘Recovery programme of Critically Endangered Species, under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitat’.
  • The Ministry of Environment and Forests notified the Ganges River Dolphin as the National Aquatic Animal.
  • The River Dolphin inhabits the Ganges-Brahmaputra – Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu River systems of Nepal, India, and Bangladesh.

Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment