Q. Consider the following statements:
1.Gujarat and Rajasthan have the highest solar energy potential in India.
2.India is largely dependent on imports for solar equipment.
3.India has been successful in effective management of the solar waste.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A

Statement 1 and 2 are correct. Gujarat and Rajasthan have the highest solar energy potential in India. India at present lacks the capability to produce solar wafers or polysilicon. During the fiscal year 2021-22, India imported solar cells and modules worth about US$ 76.62 billion from China alone. This accounted for 78.6% of India’s total imports (2021-22).

Statement 3 is incorrect. India’s solar waste is estimated to grow to 1.8 million tonnes by 2050 but India’s e-waste rules do not mandate solar cell manufacturers to recycle or dispose of waste from this sector.

Source: ForumIAS