Q. Consider the following statements:
1.In 1854, the first modern cotton mill was established in Kolkata.
2.Cotton is a “pure” raw material which does lose weight in the manufacturing process.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: Initially, the British did not encourage the development of the indigenous cotton textile industry.

  • They exported raw cotton to their mills in Manchester and Liverpool and brought back the finished products to be sold in India.
  • This cloth was cheaper because it was produced at mass scale in factories in U.K. as compared to the cottage based industries of India.
  • In 1854, the first modern cotton mill was established in Mumbai.
  • Cotton is a “pure” raw material which does not lose weight in the manufacturing process.
  • So other factors, like, power to drive the looms, labour, capital or market may determine the location of the industry.

Source: NCERT – India People & Economy