Q. Consider the following statements:
1. India is the 8th largest country in the world.
2. The tropic of Capricorn divides country into two equal parts.
Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

[A] 1 onlyu00a0

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

India is a vast country. Lying entirely in the Northern hemisphere the main land extends between latitudes 8°4’N and 37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E.  

  • The Tropic of Cancer (23° 30’N) divides the country into almost two equal parts. To the southeast and southwest of the mainland, lie the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep islands in Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea respectively.  
  • The land mass of India has an area of 3.28 million square km. India’s total area accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total geographical area of the world. It is clear that India is the seventh largest country of the world.  
  • India has a land boundary of about 15,200 km and the total length of the coast line of the mainland including Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep is 7,516.6 km. 

Source: NCERT – XI India Physical Environment