Q. Consider the following statements :
1. It was during the reign of Iltutmish that Chengiz Khan reached the Indus in pursuit of the fugitive Khwarezm prince.
2. It was during the reign of Muhammad bin Tughluq that Taimur occupied Multan and crossed the Indus.
3. It was during the reign of Deva Raya II of Vijayanagara Empire that Vasco da Gama reached the coast of Kerala.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2

[C] 3 only

[D] 2 and 3

Answer: D

Why this Question) Sultanate period and vijayanagara Empire are important static topic 

Ans) a 

Exp) Option a is correct. 

 Statement 1 is correct .Changez khan attacked India during the reign of Iltutmish. Iltutmish saved India by refusing to support Khwarizmi Shah Jalaudin of Central asia against Changez khan.  

Statement 2 is incorrect. The period of Mahmud bin Tughlaq was 1325 to 1351. During the reign of Nasurud-din Muhammad Shah(1394-1412), The last Tughlaq ruler, Taimur invaded India. 

Statement 3 is incorrect. Devaraya –II reign was from 1422 to 1426. Vascodagama came to India  in 1498. 

Source) Tamil Nadu Higher Secondary Chapter-10 page-140 , 145, 151 Chapter -12 page-180, 181 

Subject) History