Q. Consider the following statements:
1.Mangrove forests support food webs and host diverse marine life. 
2.North America has the highest cover of mangroves in the world.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A

Statement 1: Mangrove forests consist of trees and shrubs that live in intertidal water in coastal areas and host diverse marine life. They also support a rich food web, with molluscs and algae-filled substrate acting as a breeding ground for small fish, thus providing a livelihood to local artisanal fishers.

Statement 2: Statement is incorrect. Asia has the largest mangrove cover in the world. South Asia has some of the most extensive areas of mangroves globally, while Indonesia hosts one-fifth of the overall amount. India holds around 3 percent of South Asia’s mangrove population.

Source: The Indian Express