Q. Consider the following statements:
1.Pallavas and Pandyas patronized the bhakti movement.
2.Ramanujar challenged the monistic ideology of Adi Sankara and expounded Visishtatvaita.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: The hymns of Azhwars and Nayanmars inaugurated the bhakti cult in Tamil country.

  • Pallavas and Pandyas patronized the bhakti movement. Bhakti as ideology helped integrate all sections of society under the banner of religion.
  • Ramanujar challenged the monistic ideology of Adi Sankara and expounded Visishtatvaita.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT