Q. Consider the following statements:
1.Reduction in mortality rate leads to a decline in population whereas a decline in fertility rate increases population growth.
2.India has reached replacement-level fertility rate.
Select the correct statements using the codes given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Statement 1: The statement is incorrect. Reduction in mortality rate leads to an increase in population whereas a decline in fertility rate decreases population growth.

Statement 2: India has reached replacement-level fertility rate.

Source: The Indian Express