Q. Consider the following statements:
1.Samhitas are ritualistic texts, and they explain the social and religious importance of rituals.
2.Each samhita has added texts called brahmanas, which have commentaries on the hymns and rituals.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: The main collections of Vedic hymns are called samhitas. The Rig Vedic[1]samhita is the earliest text. The Rig Veda is dated to between 1500 and 1000 BCE.

  • The Rig Veda contains 10 books. Books 2 to 7 are the earliest and the Books 1, 8, 9 and 10 are assigned to a later period.
  • Samhitas are ritualistic texts, and they explain the social and religious importance of rituals.
  • Each samhita has added texts called brahmanas, which have commentaries on the hymns and rituals.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT