Q. Consider the following statements:
1.Sir Cyril Radcliffe was given charge of presiding over two Boundary Commissions: one for the Punjab and the other for Bengal.
2.The commissions were left with five weeks to identify villages as Hindu or Muslim majority on the basis of the 1941 census.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: Sir Cyril Radcliffe, a lawyer by training with no exposure to India and its reality, was sent from London to re-draw the map of India.

  • Its execution was left to the dominion governments of India and Pakistan after August 15, 1947. Radcliffe arrived in India on July 8, 1947.
  • He was given charge of presiding over two Boundary Commissions: one for the Punjab and the other for Bengal.
  • Two judges from the Muslim community and two from the Hindu community were included.
  • The commissions were left with five weeks to identify villages as Hindu or Muslim majority on the basis of the 1941 census.
  • It is widely accepted that the census of 1941, conducted in the midst of the World War II led to faulty results everywhere.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT