Q. Consider the following statements:
1.Slavery grew substantially in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.
2.In upper class Muslim society, women had to observe purdah and were secluded in the zenana.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: Slavery, though it had already existed in India, grew substantially in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.

  • Both in war and in the event of default in payment of taxes, people could be enslaved. They were put to work as domestic servants as well as in crafts.
  • The village community and the caste system remained largely unaltered. Gender inequalities remained practically untouched.
  • In upper class Muslim society, women had to observe purdah and were secluded in the zenana (the female quarters) without any contact with any men other than their immediate family. Affluent women travelled in closed litters.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT