Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The Francisco d’ Almeida was the first viceroy of Portuguese in India.
2.He followed the blue water policy to strengthen the Portuguese rule in India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Explanation: The Portuguese stopped yearly expeditions and instead decided to appoint a Viceroy.

  • The first Viceroy was Francisco d’ Almeida who followed what is known as ‘Blue Water Policy,’ and accordingly, he added more ships to strengthen the navy rather than adding more settlements.
  • He destroyed the fleet of Zamorin and a fleet sent by the Sultan of Egypt. He befriended the ruler of Cochin and built fortresses at Cochin, Kannur and other places on the Malabar Coast.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT