Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The general orientation of great Himalayan ranges is from northwest to the southeast direction in northwestern part of India.
2.The Himalayas in the Darjiling and Sikkim regions lie in an eastwest direction.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: The North and Northeastern Mountains consist of the Himalayas and the Northeastern hills.

  • The Himalayas consist of a series of parallel mountain ranges. Some of the important ranges are the Greater Himalayan range, which includes the Great Himalayas and the Shiwalik.
  • The general orientation of these ranges is from northwest to the southeast direction in the northwestern part of India.
  • The Himalayas in the Darjiling and Sikkim regions lie in an eastwest direction, while in Arunachal Pradesh they are from southwest to the northwest direction.

Source: NCERT – Fundamental of Physical Geography