Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The holder of iqta’s to maintain troops for royal service out of the taxes collected by them.
2.The areas were retained by the Sultans under their direct control are called as Khalisa.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: The Sultans required the holders of iqta’s (called muqtis or walis) to maintain troops for royal service out of the taxes collected by them.

  • Certain areas were retained by the Sultans under their direct control (khalisa).
  • It was out of the revenue collected from such areas that they paid the officers and soldiers of the sultan’s own troops (hashm-i qalb).

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT