Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The Indian Constitution has established an integrated judicial system.
2.The integrated judicial system adopted from the Indian Independence Act 1947.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation: Unlike the American Constitution, the Indian Constitution has established an integrated judicial system with the Supreme Court at the top and the high courts below it.

  • Under a high court (and below the state level), there is a hierarchy of subordinate courts, that is, district courts and other lower courts.
  • This single system of courts, adopted from the Government of India Act of 1935, enforces both Central laws as well as the state laws.

Source: Laxmikanth Polity