Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The Indo-Greeks were the first to invade India in 2nd century BC.
2.They were the first to issue gold coins.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Explanation: As we have discussed in the earlier chapter, with the construction of Chinese Wall, the Scythians were pushed back from China, and they turned their attention towards the neighbouring Greeks and Parthians.

  • In the beginning of the 2nd century BCE, the Indo-Greeks were the first to invade India.
  • They occupied a large part of north-western India, much larger than that conquered by Alexander, and it is believed that they pushed forward to as far as Ayodhya and Pataliputra.
  • They were the first to issue gold coins and much of their lineage is determined based on excavated coins which include coins of silver, copper, and nickel as well.

Source: Poonam Dahiya