Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The Parliament can make laws for the whole or any part of the territory of India.
2.The Parliament alone can make extraterritorial legislation.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Explanation: The Constitution defines the territorial limits of the legislative powers vested in the Centre and the states in the following way:
- The Parliament can make laws for the whole or any part of the territory of India. The territory of India includes the states, the union territories, and any other area for the time being included in the territory of India.
- A state legislature can make laws for the whole or any part of the state. The laws made by a state legislature are not applicable outside the state, except when there is a sufficient nexus between the state and the object.
- Parliament alone can make ‘extraterritorial legislation’. Thus, the laws of the Parliament are also applicable to the Indian citizens and their property in any part of the world.
Source: Laxmikanth’s Polity