Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The rabi season begins with the onset of winter season and facilitate the cultivation of temperate and subtropical crops.
2.Zaid is a short duration summer cropping season beginning after harvesting of rabi crops.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: There are three distinct crop seasons in the northern and interior parts of country, namely kharif, rabi and zaid.

  • The kharif season largely coincides with Southwest Monsoon under which the cultivation of tropical crops, such as rice, cotton, jute, jowar, bajra and tur is possible.
  • The rabi season begins with the onset of winter in October-November and ends in March-April.
  • The low temperature conditions during this season facilitate the cultivation of temperate and subtropical crops such as wheat, gram and mustard.
  • Zaid is a short duration summer cropping season beginning after harvesting of rabi crops.
  • The cultivation of watermelons, cucumbers, vegetables and fodder crops during this season is done on irrigated lands.

Source: NCERT – India People & Economy