Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The Supreme Court of India was inaugurated on November 26, 1949.
2.Part V of the Constitution deal with the organization, independence, jurisdiction, powers, procedures and so on of the Supreme Court.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Explanation: The Supreme Court of India was inaugurated on January 28, 1950. It succeeded the Federal Court of India, established under the Government of India Act of 1935.

  • However, the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court is greater than that of its predecessor. This is because; the Supreme Court has replaced the British Privy Council as the highest court of appeal.
  • Articles 124 to 147 in Part V of the Constitution deal with the organization, independence, jurisdiction, powers, and procedures and so on of the Supreme Court.
  • The Parliament is also authorized to regulate them.

Source: Laxmianth Polity