Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The tropical zone experiences high temperatures throughout the year with high daily and annual range.
2.The temperate zone experiences extreme climate with small daily and annual range of temperature.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: The Tropic of Cancer passes through the central part of India in east-west direction.

  • Thus, northern part of the India lies in sub-tropical and temperate zone and the part lying south of the Tropic of Cancer falls in the tropical zone.
  • The tropical zone, being nearer to the equator, experiences high temperatures throughout the year with a small daily and annual range.
  • Area north of the Tropic of Cancer being away from the equator, experiences extreme climate with high daily and annual range of temperature.

Source: NCERT – Fundamental of Physical Geography