Q. Consider the following statements:
1.The Upanishads contain mystical ritual instructions to be undertaken in secret by the sages.
2.The Aranyakas deal with philosophical enquiries.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: Samhitas are ritualistic texts, and they explain the social and religious importance of rituals.

  • Each samhita has added texts called brahmanas, which have commentaries on the hymns and rituals.
  • Each brahmana has an aranyaka (forest text) and an upanishad.
  • The aranyakas contain mystical ritual instructions to be undertaken in secret by the sages who live in the forests.
  • Upanishads deal with philosophical enquiries.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT