Q. Consider the following statements:
1. Urban agriculture can be described as the growing of plants primarily for food and other domestic use within a city or a town and its environment.
2. Urban agriculture consists of a number of production systems within the city peripherals.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation:

What is Urban Agriculture?

  • Urban agriculture can be described as the growing of plants primarily for food and other domestic use within a city or a town and its environs;
  • It involves activities such as the production, processing, marketing, and delivery of farming products;
  • Urban agriculture consists of a number of production systems within the city peripherals. They vary from domestic production and household level processing to large scale agriculture;
  • The term also includes activities like animal husbandry, aquaculture, bee-keeping and horticulture.

What are the benefits of Urban Agriculture?

The Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) recognizes Urban Agriculture as a significant contributor to:

  • Food security;
  • Livelihood generation, especially for women;
  • Poverty alleviation;
  • Urban resilience and sustainability. Urban areas already house at least 55% of the world’s population and consume 80% of the food produced globally. Urban Agriculture can address this challenge along with other benefits:

Economic Benefits:

  • Income Generation for the practitioners;
  • Revenues to Local Government through various activities;

Environmental Benefits:

  • Reduces stormwater run-off;
  • Reduction of local carbon footprint;
  • Lower use of pesticides, crop preservation and new crop development;
  • Lowers local temp and contributes to cooler urban micro-climate;

Social Benefits:

  • Community Participation;
  • Urban Employment opportunities, raises living standards;

Health Benefits:

  • Availability of fresh foods;
  • Enhances food security.

Source: EPIC June 2022