Q. Consider the following statements about Akbar’s Religious policy:
1. Ibadat Khana, a hall of worship was established by Abkar and it was discontinued during shah Jahan reign.
2. Akbar propagated a philosophy of Sulh-i-Kul (peace to all).
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

Akbar began his life as an orthodox Muslim but adopted an accommodative approach under the influence of Sufism.

  • Akbar was interested to learn about the doctrines of all religions, and propagated a philosophy of Sulh-i-Kul (peace to all).
  • Badauni, a contemporary author, who did not like Akbar’s inter-religious interests, accused him of forsaking Islam.
  • Akbar had established an Ibadat Khana, a hall of worship in which initially Muslim clerics gathered to discuss spiritual issues.
  • Later he invited Christians, Zoroastrians, Hindus, Jains and even atheists to discussions.
  • In 1582, he discontinued the debates in the Ibadat Khana as it led to bitterness among different religions. However, he did not give up his attempt to know the Truth.
  • Akbar discussed personally with the leading lights of different religions like Purushotam and Devi (Hinduism), Meherji Rana (Zorastrianism), the Portugese Aquaviva and Monserrate (Christianity) and Hira Vijaya Suri (Jainism) to ascertain the Truth.
  • Because of the discussions he felt that behind the multiplicity of names there was but one God.
  • The exact word used by Akbar and Badauni to illustrate the philosophy of Akbar is Tauhid-i-Ilahi namely Din Ilahi. Tauhid-i-Ilahi literally meant divine monotheism.

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.