Q. Consider the following statements about Geological Survey of India (GSI):
1. It was set up in 1851 primarily to find coal deposits for the Railways.
2. Currently, it is an attached office to the Ministry of Mines.
3. GSI is headquartered in Kolkata.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

About Geological Survey of India (GSI):

The Geological Survey of India (GSI) was set up in 1851. Currently, it is an attached office to the Ministry of Mines.

Purpose: It was primarily set up to find coal deposits for the Railways. Over the years, GSI has grown into a repository of geo-science information required in various fields in the country.

Functions: To create and update national geoscientific information and mineral resource assessment. These functions are achieved through ground surveys, air-borne and marine surveys, mineral prospecting, seismotectonic study and carrying out fundamental research.

Significance: It is the second-oldest survey organization in India, after Survey of India (founded in 1767).

Headquarters: GSI is headquartered in Kolkata. It has six regional offices located in Lucknow, Jaipur, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Shillong and Kolkata.

Source: Organizations in news