Q. Consider the following statements about Israel’s “Iron Dome”::
1. Iron Dome is a short-range, ground-to-air, air defence system.
2. It will counter aircraft, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles fired from distances of up to 70 kilometres.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Israel’s ‘Iron Dome’ System has been successful in intercepting the continuous barrage of rockets targeting Israel.

About Iron Dome:

  • Iron Dome is a short-range, ground-to-air, air defence system. Israeli manufacturer Rafael Advanced Defense Systems developed it with support from the United States.
  • Purpose: It is used for countering rockets, artillery & mortars (C-RAM). It will also counter aircraft, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles fired from distances of up to 70 kilometres.
  • How does Iron Dome work? The Iron Dome has three main systems. These systems will work together to provide a shield over the area where it is deployed, handling multiple threats:
  • Firstly, it has detection and tracking radar. It tracks any incoming threat into Israel
  • Secondly, it has a battle management and weapon control system (BMC). It predicts the incoming rocket’s trajectory
  • Lastly, the information picked by the system is then used to guide Tamir interceptor missiles. These missiles are fired vertically either from mobile units or a static launch site. This will detonate the incoming rocket in the air by producing explosions in the sky.

Other key Features of Iron Dome:

  • The missile can be used in all weather conditions, including during the day and night.
  • Israel claims the system has stopped thousands of enemy launches from hitting targets, with a success rate of more than 90%.

Source: ForumIAS