Q. Consider the following statements about Mansabdari system:
1. In Mansabdari system, ranks were divided into zat and sawar.
2. Zat determined the number of soldiers each Mansabdar received ranging from 1000 to 10,000.
3. Sawar determined the number of horses under a Mansabdar.
Which of the above given statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3 only

Answer: C
Notes:

Akbar provided a systematic and centralised system of administration which contributed to the success of the empire. He introduced the Mansabdari system.

  • The nobles, civil and military officials combined into one single service with each officer receiving the title of Mansabdar. Mansabdar rank was divided into Zat and Sawar.
  • The former determined the number of soldiers each Mansabdar received ranging from 10 to 10,000. The latter determined the number of horses under a Mansabdar.
  • Each officer could rise from the lowest to the highest ranks. Promotions and demotions were made through additions or reductions of Mansabs.
  • The Mansabdari system diversified the ethnic base of his nobility.

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.