Q. Consider the following statements about Shore temples of Pallavas at Mamallapuram:
1. The temples are dedicated to Shiva only.
2. The complex had the famous monolithic rathas known as Panchapandava Rathas.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
The iconic Shore Temple of Pallavas at Mamallapuram (Mahabalipuram) was constructed during the reign of Rajasimha (700-728).
- The temple comprises three shrines, where the prominent ones are dedicated to Siva and Vishnu.
- The exterior wall of the shrine, dedicated to Vishnu, and the interior of the boundary wall are elaborately carved and sculpted.
- In southern India, this is one amongst the earliest and most important structural temples. Unlike other structures of the region, the Shore Temple is a five-storeyed rock-cut monolith.
- The monolithic vimanas are peculiar to Mamallapuram. The Rathas there are known as the Panchapandava Rathas.
- The Arjuna Ratha contains artistically carved sculptures of Siva, Vishnu, mithuna and dwarapala.
Source: Tamil Nadu state board.