Q. Consider the following statements about ‘Temporary Protection Directive’, recently seen in news :
1. The European Commission describes TPD as an exceptional measure to provide immediate and temporary protection to displaced persons from non-EU countries.
2. The war in Ukraine is the first time that the EU has invoked the TPD.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
About the TPD:
- The European Commission describes TPD as an exceptional measure to provide immediate and temporary protection to displaced persons from non-EU countries and those unable to return to their country of origin.
- The directive applies when there is a risk that the standard asylum system is struggling to cope with demand stemming from a mass influx.
Obligations placed upon EU states while enforcing TPD
- According to the European Commission, the TPD foresees harmonized rights for the beneficiaries of temporary protection which include:
- A residence permit for the duration of the protection (1-3 years).
- Appropriate information on temporary protection,
- Access to jobs, housing, social welfare, medical treatment and education for minors.
- Opportunities for families to reunite in some circumstances.
- Guarantees for access to the normal asylum procedure.
Need for TPD
Firstly, having proper standards will reduce the disparities between the policies of European Union (EU) countries on the treatment of potential refugees during mass influx.
Secondly, the standards also promote burden-sharing among EU countries receiving a large number of displaced persons in a short duration.