Q. Consider the following statements about the military campaign of Ala-ud-din Khalji:
1. Ala-ud-din sent a large army commanded by Malik Kafur to Deccan area.
2. The first target in the peninsula was Warangal.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation: The inability of the Sultanate to effectively harness the agrarian resources of its North Indian territories to sustain its political ambitions was evident in its relentless military campaigns in search of loot and plunder.  

  • Ala-ud-din’s campaigns into Devagiri (1296, 1307, 1314), Gujarat (1299–1300), Ranthambhor (1301), Chittor (1303) and Malwa (1305) were meant to proclaim his political and military power as well as to collect loot from the defeated kingdoms.  
  • It was with the same plan that he unleashed his forces into the Deccan.  
  • The first target in the peninsula was Devagiri in the western Deccan. Ala-ud-din sent a large army commanded by Malik Kafur in 1307 to capture Devagiri fort.  
  • Following Devagiri, Prataparudradeva, the Kakatiya ruler of Warangal in the Telengana region, was defeated in 1309.  
  • In 1310 the Hoysala ruler Vira Ballala III surrendered all his treasures to the Delhi forces. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.