Q. Consider the following statements Indian Council Act of 1892:
1. The term ‘election’ was firmly avoided in the Act.
2. The members of the legislatures were entitled to express their views upon financial statements.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Indian Councils Act, 1892: 

  • In 1885, the Indian National Congress was founded. The Congress saw reform of the councils as the “root of all other reforms”.  
  • It was in response to the Congress demand that the legislative councils be expanded that the number of non-official members was increased both in the central (Imperial) and provincial legislative councils by the Indian Councils Act, 1892. 
  • The Legislative Council of the Governor-General (or the Indian Legislative Council, as it came to be known) was enlarged. 
  • The universities, district boards, municipalities, zamindars, trade bodies and chambers of commerce were empowered to recommend members to the provincial councils. Thus was introduced the principle of representation. 
  • Though the term ‘election’ was firmly avoided in the Act, an element of indirect election was accepted in the selection of some of the non-official members. 
  • The members of the legislatures were now entitled to express their views upon financial statements which were henceforth to be made on the floor of the legislatures. 
  • They could also put questions within certain limits to the executive on matters of public interest after giving six days’ notice. 

Source: Spectrum’s A Brief History of Modern India.